Publication Details




De-noising drift chambers in CLAS12 using convolutional auto encoders


Polykarpos Thomadakis, Angelos Angelopoulos, Gagik Gavalian and Nikos Chrisochoides.


Published in Computer Physics Communications, Publisher Elsevier, Volume 271, October, 2021




Modern Nuclear Physics experimental setups run experiments with higher beam intensity resulting in increased noise in detector components used for particle track reconstruction. Increased uncorrelated signals (noise) result in decreased particle reconstruction efficiency. In this paper, we investigate the usage of Machine Learning, specifically Convolutional Neural Network Auto- Encoders (CAE), for de-noising raw hits from drift chambers in the CLAS12 detector. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time CAE is employed to perform such an operation in this field. During the de-noising phase, it is important to remove as much noise as possible while retaining the valid hits to avoid losing crucial information about the experiment. We show that using CAE, it is possible to remove noise hits while retaining up to 94% of valid tracks for a beam current of 110nA while for lower beam currents (45-55nA), we get up to 98% efficiency. Studies on experimental conditions with increasing noise show that CAE performs better than conventional tracking algorithms in isolating hits belonging to tracks. Specifically, the de-noising algorithm results in tracking efficiency improvements greater than 15%, in real data production procedures with nominal conditions, and up to two times better efficiency in synthetically generated data with high luminosity conditions (90-110nA), indicating that machine learning can lead to significantly shorter times for conducting physics experiments.




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